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- Austrians elected the Green party’s Alexander Van der Bellen as their next president on Sunday, defeating the nationalist Freedom Party’s Norbert Hofer with 54 to 46 percent support.
- The election was example of Europe’s blue-red culture war, pitting women and college graduates against men without a university education.
- Italians rejected constitutional reforms in a referendum on the same day, prompting the center-left prime minister, Matteo Renzi, to resign.
- Renzi brought defeat on himself by gambling that the referendum would strengthen him politically. Instead, it galvanized the opposition against him.