Age-old stereotypes about the Middle East do little to help us make sense of the war in Syria today.
Russia and the United States have short-, medium- and long-term interests in pacifying Syria.
Turkey’s first priority is stopping Kurdish separatism. Longer term, it is looking at gaining regional influence.
Why did Turkey chose this moment to drive a wedge between Islamic State and Kurdish militants in Syria?
The fanatical Sunni group has all the trappings of a state, but it is still beholden to a destructive ideology.
The Syrian dictator has so far left the Kurds alone. What changed his mind is anyone’s guess.
The fact that Iran allowed Russia to conduct airstrikes from its territory suggests the two are growing closer.
Mosul fell because of the Iraqi state’s dysfunction. The counteroffensive may succeed, but it won’t be enough.
Turkish and Western interests have diverged since the Soviet Union collapsed.
The Arab League gives the political impression of unity while sweeping real problems under the rug.
In the spring of 1941, Germany seemed capable of anything — even invading the Middle East.
Recep Erdoğan’s ability to quash the military putsch gives him free rein to reverse Turkish history.