As deliberations over the final shape of the strategic pact between Afghanistan and the United States are underway, a number of obstacles remain. The Afghan government, the insurgents and neighboring states are all stakeholders who could undermine the final version of the treaty.
The strategic partnership is meant to ensure some residual American presence in Afghanistan after 2014, the shape of which is yet unclear.
The Americans consider their sustained presence in the country crucial to preventing Afghanistan from once again becoming a safe haven and operating base for Al Qaeda and other terrorist organizations. The need to preserve American interests in Central Asia and balance the influence of China and Russia in the region increases the importance of the pact. The loss of Afghanistan as an operating base would prevent the United States from further expanding their influence in Central Asia. Read more “Obstacles to Long-Term Presence in Afghanistan”