When French president Charles de Gaulle agreed to Algerian self-determination in 1961, his right-wing supporters were outraged. They had supported his return to power only three years earlier so he would put down the bloody uprising in France’s most prized colonial possession. Some of the pieds-noirs, the Algerian French, and their sympathizers in the army banded together in the paramilitary Organisation de l’armée secrète (OAS) to stop the independence process with assassinations and bombings.
The Day of the Jackal, based on Frederick Forsyth’s novel of the same name, fictionalizes the group’s plots against De Gaulle.
The 1973 film opens with a dramatization of a 1962 attempt on the former general’s life in the Parisian suburb of Petit-Clamart. OAS gunmen opened fire on De Gaulle’s Citroën limousine but failed to kill him.
In the real world, the OAS soon withered. French security services did serious damage to the group while its extreme violence alienated potential supporters in Algeria where it made its last stand against independence. Some of the hardliners who survived and eluded the secret service fled to Latin America where they joined the anti-communist Dirty War in Argentina.
The Day of the Jackal takes off where history ended. Rather than abandon the effort to assassinate the French head of state, the OAS hires a British assassin, known as “the Jackal,” to do the job for them.
Played by Edward Fox — who would later appear in the decade’s two classic World War II movies, A Bridge Too Far and Force 10 from Navarone — the Jackal goes about his work meticulously, picking up a custom-made rifle in Genoa and scouting the area in Paris where he plans to shoot De Gaulle.
Most of the film is devoted to the grinding detective work involved in hunting down the assassin. This is where The Day of the Jackal is at its best. The officers and officials carrying out and overseeing the operation are depicted as neither close to superheroes nor, bar one, fools who are repeatedly tricked by a devious criminal. These are good, competent men who don’t expect a parade for doing their job.
Filmed on location all over Europe and relatively fast-paced for a forty-year old motion picture, The Day of the Jackal was recognized as a classic of its genre when it first came out and few can still rival it today.
Unlike many later detective and spy movies, The Day of the Jackal treats its viewers as adults. It doesn’t need to tell us who the good guys and the bad guys are. The OAS leaders, operating out of Vienna and Rome, are neither comically wicked nor pure evil. The Jackal himself is rather charming even if he doesn’t hesitate to use innocents and depose of those who stand in his way. Yet the most violent image in the film is that of a bursting watermelon when the killer tries out his Genoa-made rifle — a testament to the understated nature of this thriller.