- The far-left Syriza party has won 149 seats in the Greek parliament, two shy of a majority.
- Outgoing prime minister Antonis Samaras has conceded defeat.
- Syriza leader Alexis Tsipras will be tasked with forming the next government. Possible coalition partners include the centrist To Potami and the right-wing Independent Greeks.
- Tsipras said the Greek people had “written history.” He told supporters in Athens, “We are regaining our dignity, our sovereignty again.”
- Leftists across Europe have welcomed Syriza’s victory.
The far-left Syriza party was on track to win Greece’s parliamentary election on Sunday night, preliminary results showed.
The victory for a party that promises to renege on Greece’s bailout commitments puts the Balkan state on a collision course with the rest of Europe. Northern European leaders had warned in the days leading up to the vote that they would not accept the writeoffs in Greece’s debts Syriza advocates.
With most of the votes counted Sunday night, Syriza was at 36.3 percent support. Prime Minister Antonis Samaras’ conservative New Democracy party came in second with 27.8 percent.
Because the biggest party gets a fifty-seat bonus in the legislature, Syriza would win 149 seats, according to an Interior Ministry projection, two short of an absolute majority.
Assuming party leader Alexis Tsipras can find a coalition partner, he would be the first government leader in the eurozone that is openly opposed to the austerity measures and economic reforms countries in the currency bloc have pursued since the sovereign debt crisis began in 2008.
Possible coalition parties included the Communists, who got fifteen seats, the right-wing Independent Greeks, who got thirteen, and a new centrist party, To Potami, that was projected to win seventeen seats, sharing third place with the fascist Golden Dawn.
Elections were triggered when Samaras failed to win a supermajority in parliament for his presidential candidate in December.
To understand how Germany looks at Syriza’s demands and popularity, read our earlier coverage: “Greek Euro Exit ‘Almost Inevitable’ If Left Wins Election” and “Going into Election, Greece on Collision Course with Germany.”
The fascist Golden Dawn party could come in third, according to the exit poll, even as nine of its sixteen lawmakers are currently held in jail on charges of extortion and weapons possession. The new pro-European party To Potami might just beat Golden Dawn into fourth place.
Open Europe’s Vincenzo Scarpetta argued before the election that a Syriza victory would make Greece the “testing ground” for future eurozone policies. If it obtained substantial concessions on debt and economic reform, other struggling countries in the single currency union, such as Italy, Portugal and Spain, “would come knocking” and demand the same treatment, he warned. That makes all the less likely Germany and its allies will relent if Tsipras presses his demands.
With 14 percent of the votes counted, Metron Analysis polling forecasts 150 seats for Syriza, one short of a majority.
With a fifth of the votes counted, Syriza is leading with 35.3 percent support. New Democracy is second with 29.1 percent. Golden Dawn has pulled ahead of To Potami and is in third place with 6.3 percent.
With almost a third of the votes counted, Syriza is projected to win 147 seats, four short of a majority. It could probably form a coalition with the Communists or the Independent Greeks. The latter are a right-wing party but share Syriza’s opposition to austerity.
Prime Minister Antonis Samaras conceded defeat. During a news conference, he said his government had made mistakes but he insisted it set Greece on a course out of the crisis. He also pointed out New Democracy had only lost two percentage points compared to the last election.
With more half of the votes counted, Syriza is projected to win 148 seats, three short of a majority.
If Syriza fails to win a majority of its own, Open Europe’s Raoul Ruparel thinks a coalition with the Communists is unlikely. Rather, the party could try to form a government with the centrist To Potami or the right-wing Independent Greeks.
Both would be problematic. To Potami shares Syriza’s desire for less austerity and a higher minimum wage but it is “strictly in favor of sticking to the country’s European commitments,” according to Ruparel.
The Independent Greeks are not but the rest of their platform is reactionary. It would be difficult for Syriza leader Tsipras to form a government with a party that is socially conservative and wants to curtail immigration.
In a victory speech at Athens University, Syriza leader Alexis Tsipras said, “The memorandums of austerity and destruction, the troika is in the past.”
The “troika” refers to the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund which jointly administer Greece’s bailout.
Tsipras said the Greek people had “written history” today. “Those who have been defeated are the elite and oligarchs. We are regaining our dignity, our sovereignty again.”
The left-wing leader also predicted Syriza’s victory would resonate in other countries. “The austerity period is over,” he said. “Europe will change.”
In a television interview, Dimitris Papadimoulis, a lawmaker for Syriza, was even more explicit. “The vote is a ‘no’ to unilateral austerity, a ‘no’ to a Europe that they tried to turn into Merkel’s punching bag,” he said.
As early as tomorrow, President Karolos Papoulias will ask Tsipras, as the leader of the largest party, to form a government. He will have three days to try. If he fails, the mandate passes to the leader of the second party — New Democracy.
However, the only way a government can be formed without Syriza would be for all other parties, including the Communists and Golden Dawn, to form a coalition against it. That seems extremely unlikely.
If Tsipras does succeed, his government would face a confidence vote within fifteen days.
If no government can be formed, Papoulias will likely appoint a caretaker government until new elections can be called. This last happened after the inconclusive election of May 2012.